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NEET Syllabus: Organic Chemistry Simplified


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Organic Chemistry can be a daunting subject for NEET aspirants, but breaking it down into manageable chunks can make it less intimidating. Here’s a simplified overview of the Organic Chemistry syllabus for NEET in under.

Basic Concepts:

Start with the basics, understanding what organic chemistry is and the difference between organic and inorganic compounds. Learn about the structure of atoms, elements, and chemical bonding.


Know the types of isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism. Focus on structural isomers like chain, functional group, and ring chain isomerism.


Learn the IUPAC rules for naming organic compounds. Practice naming alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and functional groups like alcohols, ketones, and carboxylic acids.

Electronic Effects:

Understand electron displacement effects like inductive, resonance, and hyperconjugation. These are crucial for understanding reaction mechanisms.

Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes:

Study the preparation methods, physical properties, and reactions of these hydrocarbons.

Alkyl and Aryl Halides:

Know the preparation methods, properties, and reactions involving these compounds.

Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers:

Learn about their nomenclature, preparation, and reactions, including dehydration and Williamson synthesis.

Aldehydes and Ketones:

Understand their preparation, properties, and reactions, especially nucleophilic addition reactions.

Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives:

Study the preparation, properties, and reactions of carboxylic acids, acid chlorides, anhydrides, esters, and amides.


Focus on the preparation, properties, and reactions of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines.

Biomolecules and Polymers:

Learn about carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. Study polymerization reactions and polymer types.

Chemistry in Everyday Life:

Understand the use of organic compounds in drugs, pharmaceuticals, and common household products.

Reaction Mechanisms:

Master the fundamental mechanisms like nucleophilic substitution, electrophilic addition, and elimination reactions.

Name Reactions:

Familiarize yourself with significant reactions like the Grignard reaction, Cannizzaro reaction, and Friedel-Crafts reactions.

Important Reagents:

Know the reagents used for various reactions and their mechanisms.

Practical Organic Chemistry:

Gain hands-on experience in the laboratory to understand the practical applications of organic chemistry concepts.

Remember, practice is key to mastering organic chemistry. Solve plenty of problems and practice sample papers to get a good grasp of the subject. Additionally, refer to the NCERT textbook for in-depth understanding, as NEET primarily focuses on NCERT content.

In conclusion

organic chemistry can be simplified by breaking down the syllabus into manageable sections. Stay consistent in your studies, seek help when needed, and you’ll be well-prepared for the organic chemistry portion of the NEET exam. Good luck with your preparations!